How to Calculate a Water Hammer

Last summer I built an underground sprinkler system for my lawn. As I flipped the switch for the first time and beamed with pride at my wonderful creation, I couldn’t help but notice the loud thud whenever one of the valves closed. Lo and behold (insert joke about engineer building projects here), this is a […]

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Types of Pipe Material

Pipe materials are chosen to withstand internal pressures, external loads from backfill and traffic, smoothness, corrosion resistance, chemical inertness, cost, and other factors. The major types of pipe material that are in use today are: Plastic Steel Concrete Copper and brass Cast iron Vitrified clay Plastic Pipe Subdivided into PVC and ABS pipe, plastic pipe […]